fossil deposits in nigeria basin

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Niger Delta Basin (geology) - Wikipedia

The Niger Delta Basin, also referred to as the Niger Delta province, is an extensional rift basin located in the Niger Delta and the Gulf of Guinea on the passive continental margin near the western coast of Nigeria with suspected or proven access to Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea and São Tomé and Príncipe. This basin is very complex, and it carries high economic value as it contains a very ...

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Chad Basin - Wikipedia

Fossil-fuels deposits in the area are estimated to exceed a trillion barrels in reserves. Management [ edit ] The Lake Chad Basin Commission was set up in 1964 by Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, the four countries that contain parts of Lake Chad. [10]

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(PDF) Sedimentology and ichnology of Neogene Coastal Swamp ...

Swamp deposits in the Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria Sunny C. Ezeh 1* , Wilfred A. Mode 1 , Berti M. Ozumba 2 Nura A. Yelwa 3 1 Department of Geology, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria

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(PDF) Trace Fossils from the Campanian-Maastrichtian Enugu ...

Trace Fossils from the Campanian-Maastrichtian Enugu Formation of the Anambra Basin, South-eastern Nigeria: Implications for Paleoenvironmental Interpretation

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Cretaceous and Tertiary of the Iullemmeden Basin in ...

Jun 01, 1981  Cretaceous and Tertiary of the lullemmeden Basin 179 The present author proposes a subdivision of the north-western Nigeria ferruginous deposits into two groups: (1) the ferruginous oolites overlying the Paleocene sediments and (2) the crusty laterites and ferruginized sandstones overlying the Gwandu and all other formations.

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Geology of Nigeria - Wikipedia

The Iullemeden Basin, also known as the Sokoto Basin spans Mali, western Niger, northwest Nigeria and northern Benin and began accumulating sediments in the Jurassic, followed by the Maastrichtian Rima Group, which records a brackish environment. Approximately one-tenth of the Chad Basin is situated in Nigeria.

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Geology of the Niger Delta Basin - ScienceDirect

Jan 01, 2017  The tripartite stratigraphy of the Niger Delta Basin consists of the Akata, the Agbada, and the Benin formations. 2.2.1.2.1. The Benin Formation. This unit consists predominantly of continental fluvial sands that underlie an extensive area of southern Nigeria typified by the sands around Benin City where it is estimated to be 3050-m thick.

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Sedimentary facies, paleoenvironments and reservoir ...

Oct 22, 2020  The Afikpo Sub-basin and Anambra Basin attracted the attention of the Shell D’arcy geologists [] who were in search for oil and fossil fuels in the inland sedimentary basin of the southeastern Nigeria.Part of the outcome of the search is the discovery of smells in Nguzu and Amangwu Edda areas in the Afikpo area and oil seepage in Ugwueme and Uturu areas [].

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(PDF) Distribution and paleoenvironmental significance of ...

Distribution and paleoenvironmental significance of trace fossils in the Late Maastrichtian Gombe Sandstone, North-eastern Nigeria January 1998 Journal of Mining and Geology 34(2):195-202

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List of fossil sites - Wikipedia

This list of fossil sites is a worldwide list of localities known well for the presence of fossils.Some entries in this list are notable for a single, unique find, while others are notable for the large number of fossils found there. Many of the entries in this list are considered Lagerstätten (sedimentary deposits that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation—sometimes ...

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Chad Basin - Wikipedia

Fossil-fuels deposits in the area are estimated to exceed a trillion barrels in reserves. Management Edit The Lake Chad Basin Commission was set up in 1964 by Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria, the four countries that contain parts of Lake Chad. [10]

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Use of Geochemical Fossils as Indicators of Thermal ...

Organic geochemical studies and fossil molecules distribution results have been employed in characterizing subsurface sediments from some sections of Anambra Basin, southeastern Nigeria. The total organic carbon (TOC) and soluble organic matter (SOM) are in the range of 1.61 to 69.51 wt% and 250.1 to 4095.2 ppm, respectively, implying that the source rocks are moderately to fairly rich in ...

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[PDF] Characteristic trace fossils from Miocene brackish ...

DOI: 10.2478/logos-2018-0011 Corpus ID: 134510741. Characteristic trace fossils from Miocene brackish-water deposits in the Niger Delta, Nigeria @article{Ezeh2018CharacteristicTF, title={Characteristic trace fossils from Miocene brackish-water deposits in the Niger Delta, Nigeria}, author={S. C. Ezeh and W. A. Mode and B. M. Ozumba}, journal={Geologos}, year={2018},

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Characteristic trace fossils from Miocene brackish-water ...

Miocene deposits in the eastern portion of the Greater Ughelli, Central Swamp and Coastal Swamp depobelts contain well-developed brackish-water trace fossil assemblages. Twelve ichnogenera have been identified, namely: Asterosoma, Bergaueria, Chondrites, Gyrolithes, Thalassinoides, Lockeia, Palaeophycus, ?Conichnus, Planolites, Siphonichnus, Skolithos and Diplocraterion.

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(PDF) The Southern Benue Trough and Anambra Basin ...

Earlier (eds.) African Geology. University of workers assumed the age of the first sedimentary Ibadan Press, Ibadan, Nigeria. 1972;251- deposits in the Anambra Basin to be Post- 266. Santonian. But the eastern and northwestern 5. Okoro AU.

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Depositional Environment of Siliciclastic Deposits on the ...

Detailed sedimentary facies analysis of outcrops of clastic deposits on the western flank of the Anambra Basin, SW Nigeria has been carried out to determine the depositional environments of the sediments. The Anambra basin is a roughly triangular basin containing more than 5

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Sedimentary facies, paleoenvironments and reservoir ...

Oct 22, 2020  The Afikpo Sub-basin and Anambra Basin attracted the attention of the Shell D’arcy geologists [] who were in search for oil and fossil fuels in the inland sedimentary basin of the southeastern Nigeria.Part of the outcome of the search is the discovery of smells in Nguzu and Amangwu Edda areas in the Afikpo area and oil seepage in Ugwueme and Uturu areas [].

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CALCAREOUS NANOFOSSILS BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF WELL X DEEP ...

The Eastern Dahomey basin of the Nigeria sector, contains extensive wedge of cretaceous to Recent sediments; up to 3000m which thickens towards the offshore. The basin has been of much geological interest as a result of reported occurrences of bitumen ,limestone, glass

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(PDF) A revised stratigraphy of the Bida Basin, Nigeria ...

The Bida Basin is a NW-SE trending inland basin, stretching from Shegwa (NW) to Dekina (SE). It is approximately 350 km long and varies in width from 75 to 150 km. It is roughly elliptical in ground plan and runs perpendicularly to the western margin

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FOSSIL FUEL CONSUMPTION, ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION AND ...

Mar 29, 2021  Nigeria is well endowed with a variety of fossil energy type, such as crude oil, natural gas and coal. Coal as an energy source is considered to be the oldest commercial fossil fuel used in Nigeria. Coal deposits were first discovered in the lower Niger Basin of Nigeria in 1909 and it was first mined in 1916 when the Enugu coal fields were opened.

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Trace fossils as diagnostic indicators of deep‐marine ...

Trace‐fossil assemblages of proximal basin, axial, ... Payros and Silvia Ortiz, Trace fossils from the Middle and Upper Eocene (Bartonian–Priabonian) molasse deposits of the Pamplona Basin ... south-eastern Nigeria, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 118, (284), (2016). Crossref. Kevin ...

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Fossil Fuel Deposits of Benue Trough: A Potential Source ...

Fossil Fuel Deposits of Benue Trough: A Potential Source of Future Hydrocarbon Reserves in Nigeria Taofik A. Adedosu 1 , Rufus T. Ajayi 2 , Oluwadayo Sonibare 3 , Jincai Tuo 4 , Xiong Yongqiang 5 , Akinsehinwa Akinlua 6 , Olusegun Ekundayo 3 , Li Yun 5 , Fang Chenchen 5 and Chen Yuan 5

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Nigeria’s Oil Curse Al Jazeera America

Nov 25, 2015  Nigeria appears to be looking gleefully past those lessons and its own experience with oil extraction in the Niger delta. Nigeria’s oil discovery in the Lake Chad Basin should not be taken as a blessing. If anything, it highlights the urgent need for reform and greater regional cooperation to quell the Boko Haram insurgency.

More

COAL DEPOSIT IN MAMU FORMATION... - SlideShare

Nov 10, 2015  The coal deposits of the Anambra Basin, located in southeastern Nigeria, appear to contain the largest and most economically viable coal resources. This basin covers an area of approximately 1.5 million hectares and is constrained by the Niger River on the west, the Benue River on the north and the Enugu Escarpment on the east.

More

Use of Geochemical Fossils as Indicators of Thermal ...

Organic geochemical studies and fossil molecules distribution results have been employed in characterizing subsurface sediments from some sections of Anambra Basin, southeastern Nigeria. The total organic carbon (TOC) and soluble organic matter (SOM) are in the range of 1.61 to 69.51 wt% and 250.1 to 4095.2 ppm, respectively, implying that the source rocks are moderately to fairly rich in ...

More

Conceptual Models Of Origin For Nigerian Frontier Basin ...

Frontier Basin Deposits: An Interdisciplinary Case Study Of Oil Seepages In Kwara State Nigeria. Alao,D.A1 Johnson, L.M.2 and Abdulazeez Tajudeen3 Footnotes 1Alao , D.A.-Lead and corresponding author CEO,Folaina Nigeria Limited, 14 Dasuki Road Tanke GRA Ilorin Kwara State Nigeria [email protected] 2 Johnson,L.M

More

Characteristic trace fossils from Miocene brackish-water ...

Miocene deposits in the eastern portion of the Greater Ughelli, Central Swamp and Coastal Swamp depobelts contain well-developed brackish-water trace fossil assemblages. Twelve ichnogenera have been identified, namely: Asterosoma, Bergaueria, Chondrites, Gyrolithes, Thalassinoides, Lockeia, Palaeophycus, ?Conichnus, Planolites, Siphonichnus, Skolithos and Diplocraterion.

More

Trace fossils as diagnostic indicators of deep‐marine ...

Trace‐fossil assemblages of proximal basin, axial, ... Payros and Silvia Ortiz, Trace fossils from the Middle and Upper Eocene (Bartonian–Priabonian) molasse deposits of the Pamplona Basin ... south-eastern Nigeria, Journal of African Earth Sciences, 118, (284), (2016). Crossref. Kevin ...

More

(PDF) A revised stratigraphy of the Bida Basin, Nigeria ...

The Bida Basin is a NW-SE trending inland basin, stretching from Shegwa (NW) to Dekina (SE). It is approximately 350 km long and varies in width from 75 to 150 km. It is roughly elliptical in ground plan and runs perpendicularly to the western margin

More

Fossil Fuel Deposits of Benue Trough: A Potential Source ...

Fossil Fuel Deposits of Benue Trough: A Potential Source of Future Hydrocarbon Reserves in Nigeria Taofik A. Adedosu 1 , Rufus T. Ajayi 2 , Oluwadayo Sonibare 3 , Jincai Tuo 4 , Xiong Yongqiang 5 , Akinsehinwa Akinlua 6 , Olusegun Ekundayo 3 , Li Yun 5 , Fang Chenchen 5 and Chen Yuan 5

More

SEDIMENTARY BASINS IN NIGERIA - SlideShare

Mar 26, 2016  INTRODUCTION The Benue troughisa sedimentological featureinthe evolutionof the CretaceousandTertiary geologyof Nigeria.Itisalso a marine basin. The Benue Trough is a major geological formation underlyingalarge partof Nigeriaandextendingabout1,000 km northeastfromthe Bightof Benin to Lake Chad.

More

COAL DEPOSIT IN MAMU FORMATION... - SlideShare

Nov 10, 2015  The coal deposits of the Anambra Basin, located in southeastern Nigeria, appear to contain the largest and most economically viable coal resources. This basin covers an area of approximately 1.5 million hectares and is constrained by the Niger River on the west, the Benue River on the north and the Enugu Escarpment on the east.

More

Nigeria’s Oil Curse Al Jazeera America

Nov 25, 2015  Nigeria appears to be looking gleefully past those lessons and its own experience with oil extraction in the Niger delta. Nigeria’s oil discovery in the Lake Chad Basin should not be taken as a blessing. If anything, it highlights the urgent need for reform and greater regional cooperation to quell the Boko Haram insurgency.

More

USING MICROFOSSILS IN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION

However if the species in question is extinct, then one examines modern forms, inferring that the fossil forms had similar environmental preferences. In thelatter case, studies of the rock containing the fossils (sandstone, shale, limestone, etc.) give further clues to the environment of deposition.

More

Fossil-bearing deposits from the Bukpyeong Formation ...

Abundant and diverse plant fossils such as land plants and subaqueous plants, freshwater mollusc fossils and invertebrate trace fossils are found in the Miocene Bukpyeong Formation at Donghae city, Gangwon-do, South Korea. Occurrences and taphofacies of the fossil-bearing deposits from the Bukpyeong Formation are described and their taphonomy and paleoenvironmental implications are

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4.C.1. Paleontological Resources - LA City Planning

As a result, unknown numbers of additional asphaltic fossil deposits lie hidden beneath the surface layers of alluvial sediment, as evidenced by 16 new fossil deposits uncovered between depths of 10 and 25 feet during excavation for Pritzker Garage in 2006 (i.e., Project 23).

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Palynological Age Control and Paleoenvironments of the ...

Paleogene deposits are extensively exposed in the Eastern Dahomey (Benin) sedimentary Basin in southwestern Nigeria. Outcrop logging and sampling of lithological sections were systematically ...

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Fossil hunters guide to the geology of southern Florida ...

streambed deposits. Vertebrate fossil deposits may be concentrated in holes or other natural impediments on the streambed. Depending on which part of the area one searches, a variety of fossil ages may also be present, due to the stream having cut downward through different ages of strata. Renz (1993) describes his discovery of a nearly complete

More

Use of Geochemical Fossils as Indicators of Thermal ...

Organic geochemical studies and fossil molecules distribution results have been employed in characterizing subsurface sediments from some sections of Anambra Basin, southeastern Nigeria. The total organic carbon (TOC) and soluble organic matter (SOM) are in the range of 1.61 to 69.51 wt% and 250.1 to 4095.2 ppm, respectively, implying that the source rocks are moderately to fairly rich in ...

More

Conceptual Models Of Origin For Nigerian Frontier Basin ...

Frontier Basin Deposits: An Interdisciplinary Case Study Of Oil Seepages In Kwara State Nigeria. Alao,D.A1 Johnson, L.M.2 and Abdulazeez Tajudeen3 Footnotes 1Alao , D.A.-Lead and corresponding author CEO,Folaina Nigeria Limited, 14 Dasuki Road Tanke GRA Ilorin Kwara State Nigeria [email protected] 2 Johnson,L.M

More

Palynological Age Control and Paleoenvironments of the ...

Paleogene deposits are extensively exposed in the Eastern Dahomey (Benin) sedimentary Basin in southwestern Nigeria. Outcrop logging and sampling of lithological sections were systematically ...

More

SEDIMENTARY BASINS IN NIGERIA - SlideShare

Mar 26, 2016  INTRODUCTION The Benue troughisa sedimentological featureinthe evolutionof the CretaceousandTertiary geologyof Nigeria.Itisalso a marine basin. The Benue Trough is a major geological formation underlyingalarge partof Nigeriaandextendingabout1,000 km northeastfromthe Bightof Benin to Lake Chad.

More

COAL DEPOSIT IN MAMU FORMATION... - SlideShare

Nov 10, 2015  The coal deposits of the Anambra Basin, located in southeastern Nigeria, appear to contain the largest and most economically viable coal resources. This basin covers an area of approximately 1.5 million hectares and is constrained by the Niger River on the west, the Benue River on the north and the Enugu Escarpment on the east.

More

basin National Geographic Society

Jan 21, 2011  The Niger Delta sedimentary basin, in the countries of Nigeria, Cameroon, and Equatorial Guinea, is one of the most productive petroleum fields in Africa. In North America, the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin is one of the continent's largest suppliers of gas and coal. Ocean Basins Ocean basins are the largest depressions on Earth. Edges of ...

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Fossil-bearing deposits from the Bukpyeong Formation ...

Abundant and diverse plant fossils such as land plants and subaqueous plants, freshwater mollusc fossils and invertebrate trace fossils are found in the Miocene Bukpyeong Formation at Donghae city, Gangwon-do, South Korea. Occurrences and taphofacies of the fossil-bearing deposits from the Bukpyeong Formation are described and their taphonomy and paleoenvironmental implications are

More

USING MICROFOSSILS IN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION

However if the species in question is extinct, then one examines modern forms, inferring that the fossil forms had similar environmental preferences. In thelatter case, studies of the rock containing the fossils (sandstone, shale, limestone, etc.) give further clues to the environment of deposition.

More

4.C.1. Paleontological Resources - LA City Planning

As a result, unknown numbers of additional asphaltic fossil deposits lie hidden beneath the surface layers of alluvial sediment, as evidenced by 16 new fossil deposits uncovered between depths of 10 and 25 feet during excavation for Pritzker Garage in 2006 (i.e., Project 23).

More

Fossil hunters guide to the geology of southern Florida ...

streambed deposits. Vertebrate fossil deposits may be concentrated in holes or other natural impediments on the streambed. Depending on which part of the area one searches, a variety of fossil ages may also be present, due to the stream having cut downward through different ages of strata. Renz (1993) describes his discovery of a nearly complete

More

Rockhounding WA - DNR

The state’s streams that contain placer gold are also important for the plant and animal communities they support. To protect stream and streamside habitats, the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife (DFW) administers the Hydraulics Code (RCW 75.20.100).This requires that any person or government agency desiring to use, divert, obstruct, or change the natural flow or bed of any ...

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Taphonomy of fossils from the hominin-bearing deposits at ...

Two fossil specimens from the DIK-55 locality in the Hadar Formation at Dikika, Ethiopia, are contemporaneous with the earliest documented stone tools, and they collectively bear twelve marks interpreted to be characteristic of stone tool butchery damage. An alternative interpretation of the marks h

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The Lake Chad Basin Aquifer System - GWP

The Lake Chad Basin is a terminal depression with eight countries grouped around it, four of which are in direct contact with the lake: Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Geographical and climatic context The basin is an extended plain with an altitude varying from about 3,000 meters in the north, north-

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TRIASSIC AND JURASSIC FORMATIONS OF THE NEWARK

The Newark Basin (Fig. 1 and 2) is the largest of the exposed divisions of the Newark Supergroup, covering about 7770 km2 and stretching 220 km along its long axis. The basin contains the thickest sedimentary se- quence of any exposed Newark Supergroup basin and correspondingly covers the greatest continuous amount - of time.

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